ISRO

Apr 19, 1975

Aryabhata

Dis-assembled mode tests of Aryabhatta

The Aryabhata spacecraft, named after the famous Indian astronomer, was India's first satellite; it was completely designed and fabricated in India and launched by a Soviet Kosmos-3M rocket from Kapustin Yar on April 19, 1975.

Mission Scientific/ Experimental
Weight 360 kg
On board power 46 Watts
Communication VHF band
Stabilization Spinstabilize
Payload X-ray Astronomy Aeronomy & Solar Physics
Launch date April 19, 1975
Launch site Volgograd Launch Station
(presently in Russia)
Launch vehicle C-1 Intercosmos
Orbit 563 x 619 km
Inclination 50.7 deg
Mission life 6 months(nominal), Spacecraft mainframe active till March,1981
Orbital Life Nearly seventeen years
(Re-entered on February 10,1992)
Launch Mass: 
360 kg
Mission Life: 
Nearly seventeen years
Power: 
46 Watts
C-1 Intercosmos
Type of Satellite: 
Experimental
Manufacturer: 
ISRO
Owner: 
ISRO
Application: 
Experimental